Are you going for knee replacement surgery?

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Are you going for knee replacement surgery?

Are you going for knee replacement surgery?

Are you going for knee replacement surgery?

Surgery to replace your knee joint has become very common and is available throughout our country.

This procedure is also called knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement.

Knee joint replacement is a procedure that involves replacing an injured or diseased knee with an artificial joint.

The most common cause of damage to the knee joint is Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults, it causes the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the knees.

Another disease that is not as common is Rheumatoid arthritis, which causes inflammation of the synovial membrane, which can lead to pain and stiffness. Traumatic arthritis, due to injury can also cause damage to the knee joint.

The indication for knee replacement

is severe pain in the knee joint that can not be controlled with pain medicines.

Doctors will consider some important factors in deciding whether you are a good candidate for knee replacement or not.

  • Assessment of severity of pain and its effect on your lifestyle
  • Deformity of knee joint
  • Unstable joint
  • your age
  • your overall health

 

 Before considering knee replacement, your doctor may try some medical treatment like-:

  • Weight loss (for over-weight)
  • Analgesics & Anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate
  • Assistive devices for walking (such as a cane)
  • Exercises to strengthen your thigh muscles
  • Corticosteroid injections into the knee joint
  • Viscosupplementation injections (to add lubrication into the joint to make joint movement less painful)

Joint replacement procedure?

  • During the procedure, which lasts between one and two hours, your surgeon will make a long surgical cut above your knee. With the skin and muscle pulled back, they’ll cut away damaged cartilage and bone.
  • They’ll affix the new knee joint to your thigh bone, and tibia, which is the main bone in your lower leg. They’ll do this using specialized cement, pins, and screws. Afterward, will close the incision wound with stitches and apply a bandage.

Recovery after knee joint replacement

  • After surgery, your leg will feel stiff. You’ll have some pain which is easily controlled by pain medication.
  • You’ll also receive medication to prevent your blood from clotting.
  • Physiotherapy to move your knee joint will start the same day. You will start waking with support from the next day.
  • Depending on your condition you may get discharged in 2-3 days.

Complications of the procedure

Every medical procedure carries the risk of bleeding, blood clots, and infection. Your doctor will explain these risks and what you can do to minimize them. These days in expert hands risk is very small almost less than 2-3 % of patients undergoing surgery will have any serious complication.

Complications may include-

  • Bleeding during or after surgery
  • Infection
  • blood clots in the leg going to the lung called pulmonary embolism
  • the artificial knee wearing out over time
  • knee stiffness
  • nerve damage in the knee

Infection is one of the serious most complications. You must report to your doctor if you develop fever, swelling, redness, or discharge from your operated site.