Are you prediabetic Take control of your health
Are you prediabetic? Take control of your health.
Are you at risk of developing diabetes? This is an important question and it's worth finding out the answer. Because even if you develop diabetes and it can be detected early you can control it or reverse it.
There are online tools available to assess the risk of developing diabetes. One of the most reliable and user-friendly site to go to find the tool is the site of the American Diabetic association - https://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-risk.
Prediabetic is a condition that can lead to Type -2 diabetes. The risk of developing prediabetes depends on several factors but you are at increased risk if –
- Your age is more than 45 years
- Indians are at higher risk than Caucasian
- Have a sibling who has diabetes
- If you are overweight
- If your physical activity is limited
- If you have hypertension
- If you have low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) and/or increased Triglycerides
- If during pregnancy you had developed gestational diabetes
- If you have been diagnosed with the polycystic ovarian syndrome
Patients with pre-diabetes do not have any symptoms. On a blood test, their blood sugar levels are higher than normal. If patients who have prediabetes take proper care they may delay the development of type -2 diabetes or in some cases, you may not develop it at all.
There are certain lifestyle changes which if done consistently can give amazing results. These are a combination of exercise and diet.
Change in the diet does not mean fasting or eating a tasteless diet. You need to find healthy eating ideas and there are a lot of them on the internet. Weight loss is simply a combination of a healthy diet, exercise, and portion control. There is no need to go for a fancy diet.
The most common reason for eating in between meals is emotional eating. We need to focus on those emotions which push us to eat in between.
Stay positive, results may not be apparent on day one but it certainly will happen.
Exercise to start with even 30 minutes an alternate day will start showing its effect on your blood sugar.
Along with sugar control, it is important to take care of hypertension, smoking, and obesity as they all gave a synergistic effect with diabetes to produce complications like heart attack and stroke.
Dr. Rakesh Rai. MS, FRCS, MD, CCT, ASTS Fellow.