If you are between 50 to 64 years of age you should discuss the following cancer screening
If you are between 50-64 years of age, you should discuss the following cancer screening.
As we grow older the risk to develop cancer increases. But we need to remember the fact that cancer can strike at any age. Due to the risk of different cancer appearing at different ages, the cancer screening program varies as per the age and sex of the patient.
We need to be aware of age and gender suitable cancer screening program and must follow the guidelines as early detection of cancer due to screening saves lives.
For male and females of age 50 t0 64 years
Colon cancer screening
If you are not at high risk of developing colon cancer then you may not benefit from colon cancer screening at this age.
But if you are high risk – ie if you fall into any one of the following categories then you may need colon cancer screening and you must consult your doctor.
People with a higher risk of colon cancer
- Family history of colon cancer
- Personal history of certain types of polyp
- A personal history of inflammatory bowel diseases like – ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
- A confirmed or suspected hereditary colorectal cancer syndrome, such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or Lynch syndrome (hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer or HNPCC)
- History of radiation to abdomen and pelvis.
Lung Cancer screening
Lung cancer guidelines are not uniform. But screening for lung cancer can be really useful if you are an active smoker – you have quit within the last 15 years, you have a history of 30 pack-year smoking history that is 1 pack per day for 30 years. If you fall in this category then you can discuss to undergo an annual low dose chest CT scan.
Prostate Cancer screening for Males
All male who is more than 50 years old should discuss prostate cancer screening with their doctor. The screening usually involves PSA (Prostate-specific antigen) blood test with DRE (digital rectal examination).
Females age 50 years to 64 years.
Breast cancer screening –
All women with an age of more than 50 years should get mammograms every year.
Starting at age of 55 years you can switch to a mammogram every two years.
If you are at higher risk you may need to get other tests as well so consult your doctor.
Cervical cancer for females
At this age get HPV and PAP smear every five years or Only a PAP test every three years.
You don't need testing after surgery that removed the cervix as long as it was done for reasons not related to cervical cancer or pre-cancer.
Dr. Rakesh Rai. MS, FRCS, MD, CCT, ASTS Fellow.