Learn about your Type -2 diabetes

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Learn about your Type -2 diabetes

Learn about your Type -2 diabetes

Learn about your Type -2 diabetes

You may not realize that you have diabetes. In the early stage, it may not cause a problem. Almost one-third of people with Type-2 diabetes do not know that they suffer from it. Due to diabetes, the sugar which is absorbed from our diet into the bloodstream is not utilized and sugar gets accumulated in the blood. In the long term, this will cause damage to the kidneys, blood vessels, eyes, and other organs.

One of the first symptoms to appear is being thirsty a lot. Others are unexplained weight loss, increased frequency of passing urine, dry mouth, and an increase in appetite. Slowly over time, you may lose vision, and weight loss sets in, and a person gets tired easily.

Many patients are diagnosed when they are investigated for recurrent urinary tract infection and yeast infection and wounds are slow to heal.

One-third of male patients develop impotency and females may have a dry vagina.

What factors increase the chance of getting Type 2 diabetes

A sedentary lifestyle and increasing weight are risk factors. Along with that increased cholesterol level, a high-fat diet, and smoking are also predisposing factors. There are other factors like age > 45 years and family history that are not in our control. Females with a history of gestational diabetes and polycystic ovarian syndrome are also prone to develop diabetes.

Mechanism of Type 2 diabetes

In a normal person, insulin is secreted when we have sugar in our blood. Insulin helps the sugar to be taken up by cells for energy production. In the case of Type 2 diabetes cells develop insulin resistance so despite insulin cells can not utilize sugars. If Type 2 diabetes is not treated then insulin production also decreases.


There are different medications. Some increase secretion of insulin, others increase the utilization of sugar or increase sugar excretion in urine. Insulin can also be prescribed in selected patients with type 2 diabetes.

You need to monitor your sugar closely every day. There are simple kits available to measure blood sugar levels. That guides the efficacy of treatment.

Uncontrolled diabetes can cause permanent damage to your – heart, kidney, nerves, eyes.


A test called HBA1C shows the average blood sugar over the past 2-3 months. In diabetes, it is raised.


Changing dietary habits may level. Eat fewer carbohydrates and also decrease the excess calorie in the diet.


Thirty minutes of exercise should be done every day. It may include walking strength training or another exercise. That increases sugar utilization, decreases blood sugar level, and protects the heart.


Lead a healthy lifestyle. Decrease weight, eat healthily, exercise daily.

Dr. Rakesh Rai. MS, FRCS, MD, CCT, ASTS Fellow