Non-Medical management of type 2 Diabetes

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Non-Medical management of type 2 Diabetes

Non-Medical management of type 2 Diabetes

Non-Medical management of type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Management

You’ll need to make lifestyle changes to help you successfully manage type 2 diabetes.

  • Weight loss. Losing 5% to 10% of your body weight -- that’s less than 20 pounds if you weigh 180 -- can lower your A1c levels and your risk for cardiovascular disease. It may help you cut back on medications to treat diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Weight loss can also ease symptoms of depression and help with sleep apnea.
  • Healthy diet. There's no one-size-fits-all diabetes diet. You'll need to pay attention to carbs, fiber, fat, and salt to manage your blood sugar and avoid complications of diabetes. How much and when you eat are important, too. Talk to your diabetes team or a registered dietitian to help you plan your meals and snacks.
  • Physical activity. From working out to doing chores, activity lowers your blood sugar. It helps your cells use insulin. It also helps your muscles use glucose. Make sure you check your blood sugar before and after exercise.
  • Better sleep. Not getting enough sleep can raise your odds of getting type 2 diabetes in the first place. The length of time you sleep and the quality of sleep can raise A1c levels, a test doctors use to check your average blood sugar levels over 3 months. That means improving your sleep can lead to lower blood sugar readings.

Diabetes Monitoring

Your doctor will want to see you often to do certain tests to see how well your diabetes is under control. These include:

  • Blood glucose monitoring. You’ll use a blood glucose meter to check your blood sugar when your doctor tells you to or get a gadget that continuously monitors your levels.
  • Regular checkups. The doctor will check your A1c and cholesterol levels, along with doing tests to make sure your thyroid, liver, and kidneys are all working as they should.
  • Regular eye exams. The doctor will check for signs of retinopathy, nerve damage to your eye caused by diabetes.
  • Regular foot exams. The doctor will check for foot problems and nerve damage to your feet.

Your blood glucose number tells you how well your treatment is working. Your doctor will let you know how many times a day you need to check it. It depends on what diabetes medications you're taking.

 

Dr. Rakesh Rai. MS, FRCS, CCT, MD, ASTS Fellow.